Phase III: determination of possible solutions
Stage I: We proceeded to determine the possible solutions that must be made to solve the constructive problems that the construction of the rural ambulatory II La Pedregosa has, through the creation of a report where the techniques are established, and the necessary measures to be able solve the problems of each constructive element of the structure of the health center.
Phase IV: Proposal
Stage I: A corrective maintenance plan was drawn up corresponding to the labor, materials and techniques that should be used to repair the construction deficiencies of the stony type II rural outpatient clinic.
Stage II: A budget and the metric calculations of the health center were prepared.
Stage III: Delivery of the project.
Population and Sample
According to Hernández, Fernández and Baptista (2000), a population is the set of all the cases that agree with a series of specifications. In effect, the population or universe refers to the set for which the conclusions obtained will be valid: to the elements or units involved in the investigation. On the other hand, the sample is a representative subset of a universe or population.
Following this order of ideas, the population of this research is made up of the 15 people who live and work in the Type II La Pedregosa Rural Outpatient Clinic.
According to Sabino (2002), the sample is a part of the whole that we call the universe and that serves to represent it.
In this case, the research sample has the same characteristics of the population.
Techniques and Instruments of Data Collection
The investigation was carried out following a non-experimental model. This allows the researcher to approach the reality to know it, understand it and give answers to the questions and hypotheses that arise from the interaction between the subject and the object. Camacho (2006).
In order to obtain the necessary data for the study and based on the proposed research design, a series of instruments or techniques for collecting the information must be designed. According to Sabino, (2002), an instrument of data collection is, in principle, any resource that the researcher uses to approach the phenomena and obtain information from them.
According to Arias (2006) it is a document review and registration technique that bases the purpose of the research and allows the development of the theoretical and / or conceptual framework, which is inscribed in the type of exploratory, descriptive, ethnographic, fundamental theory , but that approaches all investigative paradigm (quantitative, qualitative or both) as it makes contributions to the theoretical framework.
For the development of this research, the documentary sources were identified, which are represented by regulations, laws, regulations and decrees, and bibliographic information related to the topic, which can respond to the needs raised for the corrective maintenance plan in the construction of rural type II La Pedregosa outpatient clinic.
For Arias (1998) observation is an activity performed by a living being (humans, animals, etc.), which detects and assimilates the features of an element using the senses as main instruments. The term can also refer to any data collected during this activity as a research technique, consists in “seeing” and “hearing” the facts and phenomena that we want to study, and is used fundamentally to know facts, behaviors and collective behaviors.
For this research, the use of observation was applied. It should be noted that in any data collection technique, the researcher must define the objectives he pursues, determine his unit of observation, the conditions under which he will assume it and the behaviors that should be recorded. For this purpose, a checklist can be used to determine the problems that exist in the health center.
According to Kuby (2005), A survey is an observational study in which the researcher seeks to collect data by means of a previously designed questionnaire, without modifying the environment or controlling the process that is under observation (as it does in an experiment). The data is obtained by making a set of standardized questions addressed to a representative sample or to the total set of the statistical population under study, often composed of individuals, companies or institutional bodies, in order to know opinion states, characteristics or specific facts . The researcher must select the most convenient questions, according to the nature of the investigation.